【17返馬】20170805。西馬 West M’sia (4) 馬六甲古城區 Malacca Old Town – Part 1

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休息了一晚、在酒店用過自助早餐後,我們帶著兩老、開始遊馬六甲的古城區。馬六甲的歷史文化悠久,始於十四世紀末由拜里米蘇拉成立的滿剌加,先臣屬暹羅;十五世紀初,臣屬明朝、成為一國,與暹羅並列,因它的地理位置,滿剌加成了來自爪哇、印度、阿拉伯和明朝的商人停泊的貿易港口,及明朝鄭和的遠航船隊的前哨基地;1511年,葡萄牙佔領滿剌加,改稱馬六甲;1641年,荷蘭趕走葡萄牙、佔領了馬六甲;1824年,荷蘭把馬六甲割讓給英國;1957年,馬來亞獨立,馬六甲成其一州屬;1963年,馬來西亞成立(歷史可參考維基:點此)。馬六甲在歷經明朝和三個歐洲國家的管治和文化影響後,有了自己獨樹一支的多元文化特色,其中以結合華巫文化的娘惹美食最為矚目。2008年,馬六甲市被列為UNESCO世界文化遺產。我們參觀了A’Famosa堡壘、聖保羅山和教堂廢墟、荷蘭紅屋/馬六甲博物館(前身為市政廳Stadthuys)、馬六甲基督教堂,最後在雞場街街口的Hard Rock Cafe用了午餐即結束行程。這輯分享的是前半段至聖保羅教堂的照片。
After having buffet breakfast at hotel, we began our journey to visit this UNESCO world heritage site. Malacca City is the oldest Malaysian city on the Straits of Malacca. Malacca was established by Parameswara in 1396. In 15th and 16th century, Malacca was an important trading port of Arabs, Persians, Gujaratis, Tamils, Bengalis, and Chinese traders. At the beginning of 15th century, Malacca was fallen under protection of Ming Dynasty; Malacca was then conquered by Portugal in 1511, by Dutch in 1641, later transferred to British in 1824, finally independent and become one of the states of Malaya which later formed with Sarawak and Sabah as Malaysia. This history makes Malacca unique with its multicultural nowadays, especially Baba Nyonya (ethnic mixture from Malay and Chinese) culture. In 2008, Malacca City is officially been announced as UNESCO world heritage site. We have visited A’Famosa Fort, St. Paul Hill and Church, Stadthuys, Malacca Church, and lastly at Hard Rock Cafe for our lunch. This section share the first part of the pictures (until St. Paul Church).

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早起,椰水加咖啡。
Coconut water plus coffee before breakfast.
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俯視酒店的游泳池。
Swimming pool of Hatten Hotel.
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沒景觀的房間面向中間的天井。
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自助早餐,人超多。
Buffet breakfast.
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What a combination, haha!
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我們坐在靠窗的角落,可以看看馬六甲海峽。
We sat closed to window, have the chance to see the Strait of Malacca.
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填海工程不斷在進行,往後可能看到馬六甲海峽的機會都沒了。
Continue reclamation projects to expand Malacca.
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Happy sister with her new shirt!
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在走廊尾端的落地窗拍下古城區的照片。
Chance to make a set of pictures of the old town area.
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聖保羅山。
St. Paul Hill.
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A’Famosa Fort.
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聖保羅山上的教堂。
St. Paul Church.
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旋轉觀景台。
Taming Sari Tower.
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寄放行李,準備退房了。
Prepared to check out.
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來去參觀古城區。
On our way to visit tourism spots of Malacca.
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英雄廣場。
Dataran Pahlawan.
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公公在暖身。
Wim’s warming up for a heavy day.
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馬六甲王朝始於十三世紀末,先臣屬暹羅,後臣屬明朝與暹羅並列;圖示鄭和下西洋時代。
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後來的葡萄牙、荷蘭、英國殖民地時代。
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VOC船艦和風車。
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馬來亞獨立!
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英雄廣場。
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獨立紀念館。
The Proclamation of Independence Memorial.
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馬六甲樹。
Malacca tree.
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A’Famosa堡壘,葡萄牙人建於1511年的堡壘,荷蘭人佔領這裡後再翻修,經過幾百年的波折,如今只剩下這個城門。在東南亞和東亞,它是歷史最久且仍倖存的歐洲建築。
A’Famosa is a former Portuguese fortress and it is among the oldest surviving European architectural remains in Southeast Asia and the Far East. The Porta de Santiago, a small gate house, is the only part of the fortress which still remains today (wikipedia).
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築起城牆的原料是來自馬六甲海峽的泥漿,這些泥漿暴露在陽光下氧化後就變得堅固無比,因此葡萄牙人就用這泥漿來築城牆。
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這其實是A’Famosa堡壘之四大城門中僅存的聖地亞哥城門。
This is Porta de Santiago, the ruin of A’Famosa and it’s one of the four main gates.
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荷蘭人翻建時在盾牌上加上VOC的標誌。
Dutch had reconstructed the fort and added VOC on shield.
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巴特迫不及待地往前走。
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先去墓地看看。
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三色貓。
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三色貓的孩子,這爸爸是誰?
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聖保羅教堂這區有很多舊荷文的墓碑。
A lot of gravestones in old Dutch at the ruin of St. Paul’s Church (wikipedia).
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跨過山坡去荷蘭廣場。
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Statue of St. Francis Xavier.
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~。Next post。~

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